References for the AT Research cited

This is an alphabetical list of all the studies that are mentioned in the above sections.

Ashton, T., Lee, Y., & Vega, L. A. (2005). Assistive technology: Perceived knowledge, attitudes, and challenges of AT use in special education. Journal of Special Education Technology , 20 (2), 60-63.

Barbetta, P. M. & Spears-Bunton, L. A. (2007). Learning to write: Technology for students with disability in secondary inclusive classroom. The English Journal, 96(4) 86-93.

Batorowicz, B., Missiuna, C. A., & Pollock, N. A. (2012). Technology supporting written productivity in children with learning disabilities: A critical review. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 79(4), 211-224.

Beck, A. R., Stoner, J. B., & Dennis, M. L. (2009). An investigation of aided language stimulation: Does it increase AAC use with adults with developmental disabilities and complex communication needs? Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 25, 42-54. doi:10.1080/07434610802131059

Beck, I. L., McKeown, M. G., & Kucan, L. (2013). Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction. Guilford Press.

Berry, E. T., McLaurin, S. E., & Sparling, J. W. (1996). Parent/caregiver perspectives on the use of power wheelchairs. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 8, 146-150.

Binger, C., Kent-Walsh, J., Ewing, C., & Taylor, S. (2010). Teaching educational assistants to facilitate the multi-symbol message productions of young students who require AAC. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 19, 108–120.

Blankenship, T.L., Ayers, K. M., & Langone, J.  (2005).  Effects of computer-based cognitive mapping on reading comprehension for students with emotional behavior disorders. Journal of Special Education Technology, 20, 2, 15-23.

Bottos, M., Bolcati, C., Sciuto, L., Ruggeri, C., & Feliciangeli, A. (2001). Powered wheelchairs and independence in young children with tetraplegia. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 43, 769-777.

Bouck, E. (2106). A National Snapshot of Assistive Technology for Students with Disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 31(1).

Boyle, E. A., Rosenberg, M.S,, Connelly, V.J., Washburn, S.G., Brinckerhoff, L.C., & Banerjee, M. (2003). Effects of audio texts on the acquisition of secondary-level content by students with mild disabilities. Learning Disabilities Quarterly, 26, 203-214.

Brady, N. (2000). Improved comprehension of object names following voice output communication aid use: Two case studies. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 16, 197-204.

Browder, D. M., Wood, L., Thompson, J., Ribuffo, C., (2014). Innovation Configuration: Evidence-Based Practices for Students with Severe Disabilities. CEEDAR Document No. IC-3, pp. 36-38

Bryant, B. R., Seok, S, Ok, M., & Bryant, D.P. (2012). Individuals with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities use of assistive technology devices in support provision. Journal of Special Education Technology, 27(2), 41-58.

Butler, C. (1986). Effects of powered mobility on self-initiated behaviors of very young children with lo­comotor disability. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 28, 325 332.

Butler, C., Okamoto, G. A., & McKay, T. M. (1984). Motorized wheelchair driving by disabled children. Archives of Physical Medicine and Child Neurol­ogy, 25(4), 472-474.

Calculator, S. N., & Black, T. (2009). Validation of an inventory of best practices in the provision of augmentative and alternative communication services to students with severe disabilities in general education classrooms. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 18, 329-342.

Cochrane, D. & Key, K. (2014). Speech Recognition as AT for Writing. Downloaded from 

Coleman, M.B., Carter, A., & Kildare, L. (2011). How fast is too fast? Determining the speech rate for text-to-speech software. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Theory and Practice in Teacher Education, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tn.

Cook, A. M., Adams, K., Volden, J., Harbottle, N., & Harbottle, C. (2011). Using lego robots to estimate cognitive ability in children who have severe physical disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 6(4), 338-346.

Cullen, J.  Alber-Morgan, M., & Shelia, R.  (2015). Technology Mediated Self-Prompting of Daily Living Skills for Adolescents and Adults with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 50(1), 43–55

Cullen, J., Richards, S. B., & Lawless-Frank, C. (2008). Using Software to Enhance the Writing Skills of Students with Special Needs. Journal of Special Education Technology, 23(2), 33-43.

Cumley, G. D., & Beukelman, D. (1992). Roles and responsibilities of facilitators in augmentative and alternative communication. Seminars in Speech and Language, 13, 111–118.

Dada, S., & Alant, E. (2009). The effect of aided language stimulation on vocabulary acquisition in children with little or no functional speech. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 18, 50-64. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2008/07-0018)

Daniel, D.B. & Woody, W.D. (2010). They hear, but do not listen: Retention for podcasted material in a classroom context, Teaching of Psychology, 37(3), 199-203, DOI: 10.1080/00986283.2010.488542

Davies, D. K., Stock, S. E., & Wehmeyer, M. L. (2002a). Enhancing independent time-manage ment skills of individuals with mental retardation using a palmtop personal computer. Mental Retardation, 40, 358-365.

DeLaPaz, S.  (1999). Composing via dictation and speech recognition systems: Compensatory technology for students with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities Quarterly 22(3), 173-182

Edmonds, M.S., Vaughn, S., Wexler, J., Reutebuch, C., Cable, A., Tacket, K., & Schnakenberg, J.W. (2009). A synthesis of reading interventions and effects on reading comprehension outcomes for older struggling readers. Review of Educational Research, 79, 262-300.

______ (2016). ESSA Guidance: Using Evidence to Strengthen Education Investments. Downloaded January 19, 2017 from

Englert, C.S., Wu, X., & Zhao, Y. (2005). Cognitive tools for writing: Scaffolding the performance of student through technology. Learning Disabilities Research and Practice 20(3), 184-198.

Erickson, K., Hanser, G., Hatch, P., & Sanders, E., (2009). Research-Based Practices for Creating Access to the General Curriculum in Reading and Literacy for Students with Significant Intellectual Disabilities. Center for Literacy and Disability Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Erickson, K. A., Hatch, P., & Clendon, S. (2010). Literacy, assistive technology, and students with significant disabilities. Focus on Exceptional Children, 42(5), 1-16.

Fennema-Jansen, S.A. (2004). Measuring AT outcomes using the Student Performance Profile; Analysis and recommendations. Proceedings of the RESNA 27th International Conference on Technology and Disability: Research, Design, Practice and Policy.

Gajria, M., Jitendra, A.K., Sood, S., & Sacks, G. (2007). Improving comprehension of expository text in student with LD: A research synthesis. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 40(3), 210-225.

Gonzalez-Ledo, M., Barbetta, P.M., Unzueta, C. (2015). The Effects of Computer Graphic Organizers on the Narrative Writing of Elementary School Students with Specific Learning Disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 30(1), 29-42.

Gruner, S., Ostberg, P., & Hedenious, M. (2107). The compensatory effect of text-to-speech on reading comprehension and reading rate in Swedish schoolchildren with reading disability. Journal of Special Education Technology

Gustafson, G. E. (1984). Effects of the ability to loco­mote on infants’ social and exploratory behaviors: An experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 20, 397-405.

Hall, T. and Strangman, N, Graphic organizers, National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum, Wakefield, 2002.

Hansen, L., (2008). Evidence and outcomes for power mobility interventions with young children. CASEmakers: Sources of Information About Early Childhood and Family Support Practices, 4(1), 1-5.

Hatch, P. (2009). The effects of daily reading opportunities and teacher experience on adolescents with moderate to severe intellectual disability. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Hemmingsson, H., Lidstrom, H., & Nygard, L. (2009). Use of assistive technology devices in mainstream schools:  Students’ perspective. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63, 463-472.

Hetzroni, O.E. & Schreiber, B. (2004). Word processing as an assistive technology tool for enhancing academic outcomes for students with writing disabilities in the general classroom. Journal of Learning Disabilities 37(2). 143-154.

Hirsh, E.D., Jr. (2003). Reading comprehension requires knowledge – of words and the world: Specific insights into the fourth grade slump and the nation’s stagnant comprehension scores. American Educator, Spring, 10–29.

Hodapp, J. B., & Rachow, C. (2010). Impact of text-to-speech software on access to print: A longitudinal study. In S. Seok, E.E. Meyen, & B. DaCosta (Eds.) Handbook of research on human cognition & assistive technology (pp. 199-219).

Home, A. M., & Ham, R. (2003). Provision of powered mobility equipment to young children: The Whizz-Kidz experience. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 10, 511-518.

Horner, R. H., Carr, E. G., Halle, J., McGee, G., Odom, S., & Wolery, M. (2005). The use of single-subject research to identify evidence-based practice in special education. Exceptional Children, 71, 165-179. doi:10.1177/001440290507100203

Johnston, S. & Evans, J. (2005). Considering response efficiency as a strategy to prevent assistive technology abandonment. Journal of Special Education Technology, 20(3), 45-50.

Jones, M. A., McEwen, I. R., & Hansen, L. (2003). Use of power mobility for a young child with spinal muscular atrophy. Physical Therapy, 83, 253-262.

Kangas, K. M. (1997). Clinical assessment and training strategies for the child’s mastery of independent powered mobility. In J. Furumasu (Ed.), Pediatric powered mobility: Developmental perspectives, tech­nical issues, clinical approaches (pp. 33-47). Arling­ton, VA: RESNA/Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America.

Keefe, E. B., & Copeland, S. R. (2011). What is literacy? The power of a definition. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 36 (3-4), 92–99.

Kelly, S. (2009). Use of AT by Students with VI: Findings from a National Study. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 103(8), 470-480.

Kelly, S.  & Smith, D., (2011). Impact of AT on Educational Performance of Students with Visual Impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 105(2), 73-83.

Kent-Walsh, J., & Binger, C., (2013). Fundamentals of the ImPAACT Program. Perspectives on Augmentative and Alternative Communication. April, 2013, 51-61 downloaded November 2016

Kent-Walsh, J., Binger, C., & Hasham, Z. (2010). Effects of parent instruction on the symbolic communication of children using AAC during storybook reading. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 19, 97–107.

Kent-Walsh, J., & McNaughton, D. (2005). Communication partner instruction in AAC: Present practices and future directions. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 21, 195–204.

Lancioni, G.E., O’Reilly, M.F., Seedhouse, P., Furniss, R., & Cunha, B. (2000). Promoting independent task performance by persons with severe developmental disabilities through a new computer-aided system.  Behavior Modification 24,5, 700-718.

Lancioni, G.E., O’Reilly, M.F., Van den Hof, E., Furniss, R., Seedhouse, P. & Rocha, N. (1999). Task instructions for persons with severe intellectual disability: Reducing the number of instruction occasions after the acquisition phase. Behavioral Interventions 14, 199-211.

Lancioni, G.E., Van den Hof, E., Boelens H, Rocha, N., & Seedhouse, P. (1998). A computer based system providing pictorial instructions and prompts to promote task performance in persons with severe developmental disabilities. Behavioral Interventions 13, 111-122.

Li, H., & Hamel, C. M. (2003). Writing issues in college students with learning disabilities: A synthesis of the literature from 1990 to 2000. Learning Disability Quarterly, 26(1), 29-46.

Light, J., Collier, B., & Parnes, P. (1985). Communicative interaction between young nonspeaking physically disabled children and their primary caregivers: Part 1: Discourse patterns. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 1, 74–83.

Light, J., Roberts, B., DImarco, R., & Greiner, N. (1998). Augmentative and alternative communication to support receptive and expressive communication for people with autism. Journal of Communication Disorders, 31, 153-180.

MacArthur, C. A., & Cavalier, A. R. (2004). Dictation and Speech Recognition Technology as Test Accommodations. Exceptional Children, 71(1), 43-58.

MacArthur, C.A., Graham, S., Schwartz, S.S., & Schafer, W.D. (1995). Evaluation of a writing instruction model that integrated a process approach, strategy instruction, and word processing. Learning Disability Quarterly 18(4), 278-291.

Maccini. P., Gagnon, J., & Hughes, C. (2002). Technology-based practices for secondary students with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities Quarterly, 25, 9, 247-261.

Mayes, S. D., Calhoun., S. L., & Crowell, E. W. (2000). Learning Disabilities and ADHD: Overlapping Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 33(5), 417-424

McCollum, D., Nation, S., & Gunn, S. (2014). The effects of a speech-to-text software application on written expression for students with various disabilities. National Forum of Special Education Journal, 25(1), 1-13.

McEwen I.R., Jones M.A., Neas B.R. (2006). Effects of power wheelchairs on the development of children aged 14-30 months with severe motor-related functional limitations. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology Supplement, 41, 665-670.

McLeskey, J., Barringer, M-D., Billingsley, B., Brownell, M., Jackson, D., Kennedy, M., Lewis, T., Maheady, L., Rodriguez, J., Scheeler, M. C., Winn, J., & Ziegler, D. (2017). High-leverage practices in special education. Arlington, VA: Council for Exceptional Children & CEEDAR Center.

McNaughton, D., Light, J., & Arnold, K. B. (2002). “Getting your wheel in the door”: Successful full-time employment experiences of individuals with cerebral palsy who use augmentative and alternative communication. AAC Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 18(2), 59-76.

Mechling, L. C. (2007). Assistive Technology as a Self-Management Tool for Prompting Students with Intellectual Disabilities to Initiate and Complete Daily Tasks: A Literature Review. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 42(3), 252-269

Meyer, N.K. & Bouck, E. (2014). The impact of text-to-speech on expository reading for adolescents with LD. Journal of Special Education Technology 29(1). 21-33.

Millar, D., Light, J.C., & Schlosser, R.W.,  (2006). The impact of augmentative and alternative communication intervention on the speech production of individuals with developmental disabilities:  A research review.  Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 49(2), 248-264.

Montali, J., & Lewandowski, L. (1996). Bimodal reading:  Benefits of a talking computer for average and less skilled readers. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 29,3, 271-279.

Moorman, A., Boon, R.T., Keller-Bell, Y., Stagliano, C., & Jeffs, T. (2010). Effects of text-to-speech software on the reading rate and comprehension skills of high school students with specific learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16(1), 41-49.

Morash-Macneil, V. Johnson, F., & Ryan , J.B. (2017). A systematic review of assistive technology for individuals with intellectual disability in the workplace. Journal of Special Education Technology, 33(1), 15-26.

Morin, K.L., Ganz, J.B. Gregori,E.V., Foster, M.J., Gerow, S.L., Genç-Tosun, D. & Hong, E.R. (2018). A systematic quality review of high-tech AAC interventions as an evidence-based practice, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 34:2, 104-117, DOI: 10.1080/07434618.2018.1458900

Nelson, L. & Reynolds, T.W. (2014). Speech recognition, disability, and college composition. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 28(2), 181-197.

Ouellette, G. & Sénéchal, M. (2017). Invented spelling in kindergarten as a predictor of reading and spelling in Grade 1: A new pathway to literacy, or just the same road, less known? Developmental Psychology 53(1), 77-88.

Park, H.J., Takahashi, K., Roberts, K.D., Delise, D. (2017). Effects of text-to-speech software use on the reading proficiency of high school struggling readers. Assistive Technology, 29(3), 146-152.

Parr, M. (2013). Text-to-Speech Technology as Inclusive Reading Practice: Changing Perspectives, Overcoming Barriers. LEARNing Landscapes 6(2), 303-322.

Pufpaff, L.A., Blischak, D.M. & Lloyd, L.L. (2000). Effects of modified orthography on the identification of printed words. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 105(1), 14-24.

Quinlan, T. (2004). Speech Recognition Technology and Students With Writing Difficulties: Improving Fluency. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96(2), 337.

Reinking, D. (2005). Multimedia learning of reading. In R. E. Mayer (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of multimedia learning, 355–376. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Reichle, J. (2011). Evaluating assistive technology in the education of persons with severe disabilities. Journal of Behavioral Education, 20, 77-85.

Retter, S., Anderson, C. & Kieran, L. (2013). iPad use of accelerating gains in reading skills of secondary students with learning disabilities. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 22(4), 443-463.

Romski, M.A., & Sevcik, R.A. (1997). Augmentative and alternative communication for children with developmental disabilities. Mental Retardation & Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 3(4), 363-368.

Romski, M.A., & Sevcik, R.A. (2000). Communication, technology, and disability. In M. Wehmeyer & J.R. Patton (Eds.), Mental Retardation in the 21st Century (pp. 299-313). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

Romski, M.A., Sevcik, R.A., Adamson, L.B., Cheslock, M., Smith, A., Barker, R.M., & Bakeman, R. (2010). Augmented and nonaugmented language interventions for toddlers with developmental delays and their parents. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 53, 350-364.

Rose, D., & Meyer, A., (2002). Teaching every student in the digital age: Universal design for learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Rose, T.L. & Furr, P.M. (1984). Negative effects of illustrations as word cues. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 17(6), 334-337.

Ruppar, A.L., Gaffney, J.S., & Dymond, S.K. (2015). Influences on teachers’ decisionsabout literacy for secondary students with severe disabilities, Exceptional Children 81(2), 209-226.

Sauer, A.L., Parks, A, Heyn, P.C. (2010). Assistive technology effects on the employment outcomes for people with cognitive disabilities: A systematic review. Disability and Rehabilitation, 5, 377-391.

Saunder, R.J., & Solman, R.T. (1984). The effect of pictures on the acquisition of a small vocabulary of similar sight-words. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 54(3), 265-275.

Schepis, M.M., Reid, D., Behrmann, M., & Sutton, K. (1998). Increasing communicative interactions of young children with autism using voice output communication aid and naturalistic teaching. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 31(4), 561-578.

Sennott, S.C., Light, J.C., & McNaughton, D. (2016). AAC Modeling Intervention Research Review. Research and Practice for persons with Severe Disabilities, 1-15.

Seo, S., Brownell, M., Bishop, A., & Dingle, M. (2005). An examination of beginning teacher instruction in special education instructional reading practices that result in student engagement. Retrieved from

Sevcik, R.A. , Romski, M.A. & Adamson L.B. (2004). Augmentative communication and preschool children: Case example and research directions. Disability and Rehabilitation 26, 1323-1329.

Siegenthaler, E., Wurtz, P., & Groner, R. (2011). Improving the usability of e-book readers. Journal of Usability Studies, 6(1), 25-38.

Silió, M. C., & Barbetta, P. M. (2010). The effects of word prediction and text-to-speech technologies on the narrative writing skills of Hispanic students with specific learning disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 25(4), 17–32.

Smith, S. J., & Okolo, C. (2010). Response to intervention and evidence-based practices: Where does technology fit? Learning Disability Quarterly, 33, 257-272.

Snell, M. E., Brady, N., McLean, L., Ogletree, B. T., Siegel, E., Sylvester, L., . . . Sevcik, R. (2010). Twenty years of communication intervention research with individuals who have severe intellectual and developmental disabilities. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 115, 364-380.

Snell, M. E., Chen, L. Y., & Hoover, K. (2006). Teaching augmentative and alternativecommunication to students with severe disabilities: A review of intervention research1997-2003. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 31, 203-214.

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Stodden, R.A., Roberts, K.D., Takahashi, K., Park, H.J. & Stodden, N. J. (2012). Use of text-to-speech software to improve reading skills of high school struggling readers. Procedia Computer Science, 14, 359-362.

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Sturm, J., Cali, K., Nelson, N.W., & Staskowski, M. (2012). The Developmental Writing Scale: A new progress monitoring tool for beginning writers. Topics in Language Disorders, 32(4), 297-318.

Tam, C., Archer, J., Mays, J., & Skidmore, G. (2005). Measuring the outcomes of word cueing technology. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72(5), 301–308.

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Watson, A.H., Ito, M., Smith, R.O., & Anderson, L.T. (2010). Assistive technology in a public school setting. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64, 18-29.

Wiart, L., Darrah, J., Hollis, V., Cook, L., & May, L. (2004). Mothers’ perceptions of their children’s use of powered mobility. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 24 (4), 3-21.

Winn, B.D., Skinner, C.H., Oliver, R., Hale, A.D., &  Ziegler, M.R.  (2006). The effects of listening-while-reading and repeated reading on the reading fluency of adult learners. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 50(3), 196-206.

Wood, S.G., Moxley, J.H., Tighe, E.L., & Wagner, R.K. (2017). Does use of text-to-speech and Related read-aloud tools improve reading comprehension for students with reading disabilities? A meta-analysis. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 51(1), 73-84.

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